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SQL Data Analysis guide

The SQL Data Analysis Getting Started Guide

getting started
Explains how to connect to a database, run a query, and use the data set in an analysis table.

connecting to database servers
Explains how to connect to your database server in greater detail.

using data files
Explains data files, and how they can be used to share data with other users without having to grant them access to your databases.

running internal queries
Explains how SQL Data Analysis allows you to run SQL queries on data sets retrieved from different database servers.

using analysis tables
Explains how to create groups, summaries, and use charts with your data sets.

working with copies of the same data sets
Explains how you can create multiple analysis and pivot tables from the same data set without having to repeatedly run the same query.

working with analysis table columns
Explains how to hide and freeze columns, and create multi-row headers in your analysis tables.

working with charts
Explains how charts can be used to get a big picture analysis of your data set, and used as a navigation tool to support the analysis table.

 

Using data files in Easy Excel Analysis and SQL Data Analysis

In Easy Excel Analysis and SQL Data Analysis, you can save data sets to an external file, which you can then use later without having to import the Excel/CSV file again (for Easy Excel Analysis) or connect to your database and running the SQL query again (for SQL Data Analysis).

Another use for data files is to be able to share data with your users, who can use Easy Excel Analysis or SQL Data Analysis to open the file.  In the case of SQL Data Analysis, you can provide them the required data to analyse without having to grant them access to the underlying database.

To save a data set to a data file, you must already be using the data set, either in an analysis table or pivot table.

Click on the Save analysis data button, and enter a file name to save the data in.

Opening a data file

To open a data file, click on the Open data file button,

or click on the Open data file item on the main page.

 

Getting started with SQL Data Analysis

To create an analysis table from a data set using SQL Data Analysis, here are the basic steps to follow:

Connect to your database

Click on the Run SQL query item from the SQL Data Analysis main screen.

Click on the Connect to a database item in the Database Connections panel.

Enter the connection details in the Connect to Database window and click Connect.

Run your SQL query

Enter the query you want to run in the SQL editor window for your connection.

Click on the Execute query button to run your query.

Once the data set has been retrieved, click on the Add data sets button to create an analysis table using that data set.

See also:

 

Connecting to your database in SQL Data Analysis

SQL Data Analysis supports the following databases:

  • PostgreSQL 8.0 onwards
  • MySQL and MariaDB 4.0 onwards
  • Oracle 8.0 onwards
  • SQL Server 7 onwards
  • SQL Server Compact 3.1 onwards
  • SQL Azure
  • SQLite 3.0 onwards
  • Microsoft Access 2000 onwards
  • Firebird 1.x onwards
  • ODBC supported databases

To connect to a database, click on the Run SQL query item:

Details of previous connections are also listed, and you can double-click on the connection item to re-open that connection.

In the Run SQL Query window, a list of existing connections will be displayed on the left.

To establish a new connection, click on the Connect to a database item.  Enter the connection details, and click Connect.

On a successful connection, a new query window will be created.  The active connection will be highlighted in the Database Connections panel.

Enter your SQL queries in the editor window, and click on the Execute query button (or press F5) to run your query.

See also:

Querying the used data sets in SQL Data Analysis

In SQL Data Analysis, you can run queries on the data sets that you are using.  For example, you may have retrieved a data set from a SQL Server database, and another data set from a PostgreSQL database.  You can run a query to retrieve data from these 2 data sets as if they were tables in a database.

To run an internal query, first click on the Run SQL query item in the main window.  In our example, we have already ran and use data sets from SQL Server and PostgreSQL databases.

Select the Query data sets item on the Database Connections panel on the left.  There are 3 ‘tables’ we can query from – ds1, ds2, and ds3.  You can write a query to retrieve rows across these 3 tables e.g.

The new data set can then be used in your analysis tables and pivot tables.

The SQLite SQL syntax is used for the internal query.  Thus, you have access to almost all the standard SQL92 syntax, except for RIGHT OUTER JOIN and FULL OUTER JOIN.

 

Working with analysis table columns

Once you have imported a data set into Easy Excel Analysis or SQL Data Analysis, an analysis table is created.  Here, we will described how to work with the analysis table columns.  We will be using the global superstore 2016.xlsx file for reference.

Creating summaries

To create summaries, please refer to this post on how to create group and footer summaries.

Hiding columns

To hide or display columns, open the Columns tab of the Customize panel.  Select a column to make it visible, or deselect it to hide the column.

Freezing columns

In Easy Excel Analysis or SQL Data Analysis, you can freeze columns on the left and right of the analysis table e.g. in the table below, the Order Date column is frozen on the left, and the Country column is frozen on the right.

When you scroll the table horizontally, these 2 columns will remain fixed in their position.

To freeze columns, first ensure that the LEFT BAND and/or RIGHT BAND items are selected in the Customize panel.

Then drag and drop columns onto either of those 2 items to freeze the columns in those bands.

Stacking columns

You can stack columns by dragging them to a new column row, to create layouts like this:

Notice that the Category, Sub-Category, Segment, Product ID, and Product Name columns are displayed on the second row.

To stack columns, click on a column header and drag it to below the row where you want to create a new row.  You will create a new row if you see the green horizontal indicator arrows.  In the example below, we are dragging the Category column to create a new row.

 

 

Using charts in your analysis tables

In Easy Excel Analysis and SQL Data Analysis, you can use charts to visualize the data created in analysis tables.  A pre-requisite is that you analysis tables must have groups and summary values as described here.

Each grouped column serves as a level in the chart, and each summary value is the chart’s measure.  For example, we have the following analysis table layout created based on the global superstore 2016.xlsx data.

We have 3 grouping levels, and 2 summary values.  To create a chart, click on the chart icon:

A chart is displayed on the bottom of the analysis table.

Clicking on the analysis table will update the chart accordingly, and vice versa.  For example, if I click on the Europe item in the chart:

the analysis table automatically expands the Europe grouping level, and the chart also displays the grouping level below Europe, which is the item category level.

Likewise, if we click on a grouping level within the analysis table, the chart will also drill down to the corresponding level.

 

Using analysis tables

Once you have imported a data set into Easy Excel Analysis or SQL Data Analysis, an analysis table is created.

In this example, we’ve imported the global superstore 2016.xlsx file.  What you can do now is to group the rows by one or more columns.  To add a column to the group, click on the column header and drag it to the column headers area.

Here, we have grouped our rows by Market, Category, and Sub-Category.

At this point, you can easily analyze the sales data for each level of the grouped columns.  You can add as many columns to the groups as you require, and you can also change the order of the grouped columns by arranging it in the appropriate order.

We will now create summary values for each grouping level.  To create a summary, right click on a column header in the table, and select the required summary.  In our example, we will create a group summary based on the sum of the Sales column.

Once created, the summary value is displayed on all of the grouping levels.

You can add multiple group summaries by repeating the process above.  Here, we have added another summary to display the total sales orders.

To sort the groups by the summary values, you will need to select the summary item to sort by from the Customize menu.  Here, we have chosen to sort by the Sales (sum) summary.

All grouping levels will then be sorted by that summary value in ascending order.

You can now quickly see which groups have the highest sales.  You can sort the summary values in descending order by clicking on the grouped column.  This symbol (highlighted in red below) indicates that the summary values are sorted in ascending order:

and this symbol indicates the summary values are sorted in descending order.

See also:

 

Formatting date and time values in CSV files

Identifying the columns correctly

The first step in importing a CSV file into Easy Excel Analysis is to ensure that each column is correctly identified.  In this example, we will work with the sample CSV file:

When we first open this file in Easy Excel Analysis and click on the Preview button, an error is raised regarding the number of columns.

Our CSV file encloses text in quotes, so we’ll need to select the Field values are quoted using “ option (since we’re using double quotes as the quote character), and click Preview again:

All the columns seem to be in order, so we can proceed.

Adjusting the date format

On the next page, Easy Excel Analysis has set up the date and time formats based on our computer’s settings.

The date format is different from that in our CSV file:

If we continue to the next step, our OrderDate column will be identified as a Text field, because the date format in the CSV file does not match our settings.

Thus, we’ll need to change the date format settings accordingly.  Go back to the previous step, and select the correct date format from the list of pre-defined formats, or enter the format manually.  Note that d represents the date, m for month, and yyyy for the year.

Once we have set up the date format to correctly match that in our CSV file, Easy Excel Analysis will set up the OrderDate column as a Date and time column.

If your date columns contain month names e.g.

then just enter a blank value as the date format.  Easy Excel Analysis will then try to parse the value as best as it can.

Adjusting the time format

Adjusting the time format is similar to the steps described above for date formats.  You can manually enter a format value if none of the listed formats match.

 

 

Removing the functions listing and details from DB Doc PDF and Word reports

In this post, we’ll show you how to remove the functions listing and details from the DB Doc PDF and Word reports.  The final templates without the functions can be downloaded here:

We will be modifying the A4 – portrait template in this example.  There are 2 parts to this – we want to remove the functions listing:

and also the functions details:

 

First, select the default template and click on the Edit button.

 

Save this template under a new name, so that we can still use the default template and also this template that excludes the functions details.

 

To remove the listing, click on the TableOfContents tab.

 

Scroll down the report until you see the TOCFunctionHeader band.  Click on the band, and set its Visible property to False.

 

Repeat the same process for the 2 bands below the TOCFunctionHeader band i.e. click each time on the TOCFunction and TOCFunctionFooter bands, and set the Visible property to False.

 

Click on the Preview button to preview the report.

 

The functions listing should no longer appear.  That takes care of the listing.  To remove the function details, first click on the SchemaObjects tab.

 

Locate the FunctionsListingHeader band.  Again, you will need to set this band’s visibility to false, and that of the next 5 bands (DetailData4, FunctionGroupHeader, FunctionDetails, FunctionDetailsDefinition, and FunctionDetailsComment).

 

Click Preview again and the function details should no longer be displayed.  However, there are 2 empty pages between the sequences and trigger functions pages because the function bands start a new page when they print (even though they are not visible, the underlying code still runs).

To remove the first empty page ,select the FunctionsListingHeader band, and click on the Events tab.


Double click on the FunctionsListingHeaderOnBeforePrint item.

This brings up the code editor, where we can see that the report template starts the functions listing on a new page, causing us to have a blank page when the listing is not displayed.

 

To remove the blank page, comment out the Engine.NewPage; line by adding two forward slashes at the beginning of that line i.e.

 

Repeat the same process for the FunctionsGroupHeader band.  In the OnBeforePrint event, comment out the line that starts a new page.

 

You can follow the same steps if you want to remove any other sections from the report.  Note that the PDF and Word reports share the same template, so you only need to modify one template.

If you require further assistance, do drop us a line at support@yohz.com.